Fuel cell vehicles, like electric vehicles, are propelled by electric motors yet use the fuel cell to create its own electricity using hydrogen fuel and oxygen from the ambient air. Today, fuel cells successfully power cars, trucks, buses, and other service vehicles such as forklifts. Although fuel cell vehicles are not sold in large quantities commercially, these vehicles continually meet federal progress goals and provide driving characteristics that drivers of conventional vehicles are accustomed to.
On the east coast, initial introduction of hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles has occurred in the New York City area with Connecticut poised for regional growth beginning along major arteries between New York City and Boston. The U.S. DOE expects deployment of over 3,000 hydrogen vehicles in the United States between 2021 and 2025 in Dallas, Los Angeles, and New York City. This estimate could be accelerated if political, economic, energy security or environmental policies prompt a rapid advancement in alternative fuels.